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Involvement of autophagy in tantalum nanoparticle-induced osteoblast proliferation

Authors Kang C, Wei L, Song B, Chen L, Liu J, Deng B, Pan X, Shao L

Received 6 March 2017

Accepted for publication 9 May 2017

Published 7 June 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 4323—4333


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Chengrong Kang,1,2 Limin Wei,1 Bin Song,1 Liangjiao Chen,3 Jia Liu,1 Bin Deng,4 Xuan Pan,2 Longquan Shao1

1Department of Stomatology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 2Department of Stomatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, 3Department of Orthodontics, Key Laboratory of Oral Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Oral Disease, Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 4Department of Stomatology, The General Hospital of People’s Liberation Army, Beijing, China

Abstract: Porous tantalum (Ta) implants are highly corrosion resistant and biocompatible, and they possess significantly better initial stability than that of conventional titanium (Ti) implants. During loading wear, Ta nanoparticles (Ta-NPs) that were deposited on the surface of a porous Ta implant are inevitably released and come into direct contact with peri-implant osteoblasts. The wear debris may influence cell behavior and implant stabilization. However, the interaction of Ta-NPs with osteoblasts has not been clearly investigated. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Ta-NPs on cell proliferation and their underlying mechanism. The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to measure the cell viability of MC3T3-E1 mouse osteoblasts and showed that Ta-NP treatment could increase cell viability. Then, confocal microscopy, Western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy were used to confirm the autophagy induced by Ta-NPs, and evidence of autophagy induction was observed as positive LC3 puncta, high-LC3-II expression, and autophagic vesicle ultrastructures. The CCK-8 assay revealed that the cell viability was further increased and decreased by the application of an autophagy inducer and inhibitor, respectively. In addition, pre-treatment with autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) inhibited the Ta-NP-induced autophagy. These results indicate that the Ta-NPs can promote cell proliferation, that an autophagy inducer can further strengthen this effect and that an autophagy inhibitor can weaken this effect. In conclusion, autophagy was involved in Ta-NP-induced cell proliferation and had a promoting effect.

Keywords: tantalum nanoparticles, osteoblast, autophagy, proliferation

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