Investigation of the mechanical properties of a low-shrinkage liquid crystalline matrix combined with nano-hydroxyapatite
Wen Wen Liu1, Xiao Ping He1, An Chun Mo2, Qian Qian Yao1, Jun Ye1, Nie Jing2
1State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, 2Department of Oral Implant, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of a low-shrinkage acrylate liquid crystalline resin matrix (ALCRM), (4-3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy) phenyl 4-(3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy) benzoate, combined with nano-hydroxyapatite (na-HA). The ALCRM monomer and diluent monomer triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) were mixed at a mass ratio of 7:3 to prepare the resin matrix. The volume shrinkage of the ALCRM/TEGDMA and the traditional resin matrix Bis-GMA (2, 2-bis [4-(3-methacryloxy-2-hydroxypropoxy) phenyl] propane)/TEGDMA were measured. Then 20%, 30%, and 40% na-HA were added to ALCRM/TEGDMA and Bis-GMA/TEGDMA, respectively. Compressive strength (CS) and Vickers hardness (VHN) were tested to identify mechanical properties of the composites. The volume shrinkage of the ALCRM/TEGDMA was 3.60% ± 0.36%, which was lower than that of the traditional resin matrix. Moreover, with the same amount of na-HA filler, the mechanical properties of the ALCRM-based composites were superior to those of Bis-GMA-based composites. ALCRM-based composites exhibited the highest CS and VHN values when the filler content was 30%. These results indicate that the low-shrinkage liquid crystalline resin matrix has strong mechanical properties after incorporating the na-HA. The experimental ALCRM-based composites have promising potential for the development of novel low-shrinkage dental resins with strong mechanical properties.
Keywords: liquid crystalline matrix, nano-hydroxyapatite, compressive strength, Vickers hardness
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