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Inverse opal substrate-loaded mesenchymal stem cells contribute to decreased myocardial remodeling after transplantation into acute myocardial infarction mice

Authors Lu W, Ji J, Ma G, Dai Q, Chen L, Zuo P, Zhao Y

Received 26 June 2018

Accepted for publication 1 October 2018

Published 2 November 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 7033—7046


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Wenbin Lu,1,* JingJing Ji,1,* Genshan Ma,1 Qiming Dai,1 Lijuan Chen,1 Pengfei Zuo,1 Yuanjin Zhao2

1Department of Cardiology, ZhongDa Hospital Affiliated with Southeast University, Nanjing, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: The two-dimensional incubation method is now the most commonly method for mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) production. however, gene expression and secretion of growth factors are relatively low; thus, the transplanted cells cannot be effectively utilized for potential clinical applications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Objectives: We aimed to investigate whether our newly made substrates of inverse opal with specific surface microstructures for MSC culturing can increase the viability of the cells and can contributes to decreased myocardial remodeling after transplanted to AMI mice.
Methods: The inverse opal structure is fabricated by the convenient bottom-up approach of the self-assembly of colloidal nanoparticles. Mouse-derived MSCs were then cultured on the substrates when expanded at different times to investigate the cell growth status including morphology. Then the inverse opal substrates loaded MSCs were transplanted to AMI mice, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and LV remodeling were further compared. To explore the possible mechanisms of curation, the secretions and viability of MSCs on substrates were determined using mice ELISA kits and JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential assay kits respectively at normal and hypoxic conditions.
Results: 6 times expanded inverse opals allowed greatly the orderly growth of MSCs as compared to four (34% ± 10.6%) and two (20%±7.2%) times expanded as well as unexpanded (13%±4.1%) (P<0.001). Nearly 90% of MSCs showed orientation angle intervals of less than 30° when at the 6X expanded (89.6%±25%) compared to the percent of cells with 30°–60° (8.7%±2.6%) or ≥60° (1.7%±1.0%) orientation angle (P<0.001). After inverse opal loaded MSCs transplanted to AMI mice, greatly decreased apoptosis of cardiomyocytes (20.45%±8.64% vs.39.63%±11.71%, P<0.001) and infarction area (5.87±2.18 mm2 vs 9.31±3.11mm2, P<0.001) were identified. In the end, the viability of inverse opal loaded MSCs determined by membrane potential (P<0.001) and the secretion of growth factors including VEGF-α, SDF-1 and Ang-1 (P<0.001) were both confirmed significantly higher than that of the conventional culture in petri dish.
Conclusion: The structure of inverse opal can not only adjust the arrangement of MSCs but also contribute to its orientated growth. Inverse opal loaded MSCs transplantation extremely curbed myocardial remodeling, the underlying mechanisms might be the high viability and extremely higher secretions of growth factors of MSCs as devoted by this method.

Keywords: MSCs, inverse opal, AMI

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