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Intracameral cefuroxime and moxifloxacin used as endophthalmitis prophylaxis after cataract surgery: systematic review of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness

Authors Linertová R, Abreu-González R, García-Pérez L, Alonso-Plasencia M, Cordovés-Dorta L, Abreu-Reyes J, Serrano-Aguilar P

Received 27 December 2013

Accepted for publication 16 January 2014

Published 14 August 2014 Volume 2014:8 Pages 1515—1522


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Renata Linertová,1,2 Rodrigo Abreu-González,3 Lidia García-Pérez,1,2 Marta Alonso-Plasencia,3 Luis Mateo Cordovés-Dorta,4 José Augusto Abreu-Reyes,4 Pedro Serrano-Aguilar2,5

1Fundación Canaria de Investigación y Salud (FUNCIS), Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain; 2Red de Investigación en Servicios Sanitarios en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC), Madrid, Spain; 3Ophthalmology Service, University Hospital Ntra Sra de La Candelaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain; 4Ophthalmology Service, University Hospital of Canary Islands, La Laguna, Spain; 5HTA Unit, Canary Health Service, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Abstract: Postoperative endophthalmitis is one of the most serious potential complications of ocular lens surgery. Its incidence can be reduced by means of antibiotic prophylaxis. Although the prophylactic use of intracameral cefuroxime has been extended, other drugs, such as moxifloxacin, have arisen as alternatives. We performed a systematic literature review on the effectiveness and efficiency of intracameral cefuroxime and moxifloxacin for the prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. Several bibliographic databases were searched up to October 2010 and were updated up to January 2013. Outcomes were the onset of endophthalmitis after surgery and the cost-effectiveness ratio of using both antibiotic prophylaxis alternatives. The following were included: a clinical trial reported in two papers, six observational studies, and an economic evaluation. All studies assessed cefuroxime compared with another antibiotic prophylaxis or no prophylaxis. The only randomized controlled trial performed by the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery found that intracameral cefuroxime is significantly more effective than not using prophylaxis or the use of a topical antibiotic. The observational studies support these results. The economic evaluation compared different prophylaxis regimens and concluded that intracameral cefuroxime showed the best cost-effectiveness ratio. Both the observational studies and the economic evaluation have methodological limits that reduce their validity. This review confirmed that cefuroxime can prevent endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. Further randomized controlled trials, with large sample sizes, are required to compare different antibiotic prophylaxis regimens.

Keywords: cefuroxime, moxifloxacin, intracameral, systematic review, endophthalmitis, prophylaxis, antibiotics

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