Intra- and inter-rater reproducibility of the 6-minute walk test and the 30-second sit-to-stand test in patients with severe and very severe COPD
Authors Hansen H, Beyer N, Frølich A, Godtfredsen N, Bieler T
Received 15 May 2018
Accepted for publication 3 September 2018
Published 18 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 3447—3457
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Henrik Hansen,1 Nina Beyer,2 Anne Frølich,1 Nina Godtfredsen,2,3 Theresa Bieler4
1Research Unit of Chronic Diseases and Telemedicine – Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; 2Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark; 4Department of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Background: In patients with COPD, the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and the 30-second sit-to-stand test (30sec-STS) are widely used as clinical outcome measures of walking capacity, lower limb muscle strength, and functional ability. Due to a documented learning effect, at least two trials are recommended for assessment. The aim of our study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability and agreement of the two tests in patients with severe and very severe COPD (FEV1 <50%).
Patients and methods: Fifty patients (22 females; mean [SD]: age 67  years, FEV1 predicted 32 %) were assessed with the 6MWT and the 30sec-STS twice by the same assessor on test-day 1 (T1) and by another assessor 7–10 days later on test-day 2 (T2).
Results: The 6MWT intra- and inter-rater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC1.1) was 0.98 (lower limit 95% CI: 0.94) and 0.96 (lower limit 95% CI: 0.94), respectively, and agreement (standard error of the measurement, SEM) was 14.8 and 20.5 m, respectively. The 30sec-STS intra- and inter-rater reliability and agreement results were, respectively, ICC1.1 0.94 (lower limit 95% CI: 0.90) and 0.92 (lower limit 95% CI: 0.86), with SEM of 0.97 and 1.14 repetitions. There was no difference (95% CI: -5.3; 8.1) between the 6MWT distances on T1, while the mean walking distance improved 7.9 m (0.0 m; 15.8 m) from T1 to T2. Improvement on the same test date was less likely (OR: 3.6 [95% CI: 1.1; 11.8], Fisher’s exact test, P=0.047) in patients who walked less than 350 m in the 6MWT. We found no clinically relevant learning effect in the 30sec-STS.
Conclusion: In patients with severe and very severe COPD the 6MWT and the 30sec-STS showed excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability and acceptable agreement. No learning effect was documented for the tests when performed on the same day. Our data suggest that in clinical practice using different assessors is acceptable, and that a single test trial may be sufficient to assess patients with severe and very severe COPD.
Keywords: COPD, exercise test, outcome assessment, lower extremity, reproducibility of results
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