Integrative systems of genomic risk markers for cancer and other diseases: future of predictive medicine
Arseniy E Yuzhalin, Anton G Kutikhin
Department of Epidemiology, Kemerovo State Medical Academy, Kemerovo, Russian Federation
Abstract: This paper focuses on genomic predictive biomarkers in medicine. It is known that single nucleotide polymorphisms of genes involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer, can serve as indicators of risk warranting further diagnostics, screening, and early prevention measures. However, although ten million single nucleotide polymorphisms have been identified to date, the majority of them do not appear to have a relationship with risk of development of pathogenic processes in the human body. The concept of selection of significant disease-associated biomarkers is proposed. Also, future development of integrative systems of genomic risk markers is discussed.
Keywords: biomarkers, cancer, single nucleotide polymorphisms, cancer prevention
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