Integrated management strategies for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
David A Sonetti1,2, Angela C Hospenthal2, Sandra G Adams1,2
1Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases/Critical Care Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA; 2South Texas Veterans Health Care System, Audie L. Murphy Division, San Antonio, Texas, USA
Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains the fourth leading cause of death, is associated with significant morbidity and places a substantial time and cost burden on the health care system. Unfortunately, treatment for COPD remains underutilized and continues to focus on the acute care of complications. The chronic care model (CCM) shifts this focus from the acute management of symptoms and complications to the prevention and optimal management of the chronic disease. This model utilizes resources from the community and the health care system and emphasizes self-management, provides comprehensive clinic support, and implements evidence-based guidelines and technology into clinical practice to ensure delivery of the highest quality of care. The goal of this review is to use a case-based approach to provide practical information about how integrated care using the CCM can be applied to the clinical care of a complex patient with COPD, shifting the management goals for COPD from reactive to proactive and ultimately improving outcomes.
Keywords: lung disease, chronic obstructive integrated care, chronic care model, evidence-based guidelines
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