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Informed Consent Form Challenges for Genetic Research in Jordan

Authors Alkaraki AK, Khabour OF, Alzoubi KH, Al-Ebbini LMK, Altaany Z

Received 28 December 2019

Accepted for publication 13 February 2020

Published 5 March 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 235—239

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S243669

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Almuthanna K Alkaraki,1 Omar F Khabour,2 Karem H Alzoubi,3 Lina MK Al-Ebbini,4 Zaid Altaany5

1Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan; 2Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 4Department of Biomedical Systems and Informatics Engineering, Hijjawi for Engineering Technology, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan; 5Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan

Correspondence: Almuthanna K Alkaraki
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan
Tel +962 2 72 11111 ext. 2833
Fax +96227211117
Email alkaraki@yu.edu.jo

Background: Informed consent is an obligatory requirement for research engaging human subjects. Informed consent form (ICF) should be provided for human subjects to confirm their willingness for voluntary participation in a study. Ethical and legal obligations necessitate the presence of informed consent essential items to be built into the ICF.
Objective: To evaluate the content of ICFs obtained from different genetic studies accomplished in Jordan and their adherence to ethical guidelines proposed by the International Conference on Harmonization—Good Clinical Practice (ICHGCP).
Methods and Measures: A total of 44 ICFs obtained from master theses and grant proposals at two major universities in Jordan were analyzed according to the good clinical practice criteria proposed by ICHGCP. ICFs were scored for the presence or absence of ICF main items/categories.
Results: Results show inadequate information present in the examined ICFs. The highest information score was 17 out of 20, while the lowest score was one out of 20. The average score for all studied ICFs was 6.18± 3.65. Among essential items/categories that were absent from the majority of studied ICFs were a statement about voluntary participation, confidentiality of data, compensation to study participants, risk/benefits of the study, and researchers’ contact information.
Conclusion: The ICFs were missing a number of required items. This could reflect inadequate knowledge about minimal informed consent requirements among Jordanian investigators highlighting the need for research ethical training in the country.

Keywords: informed consent form, challenges, genetic research, Jordan

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