Influenza treatment and prophylaxis with neuraminidase inhibitors: a review
Amanda Kamali,1 Mark Holodniy1,2
1Division of Infectious Diseases, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA; 2Office of Public Health, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USA
Abstract: Influenza virus is a pathogen that causes morbidity and mortality worldwide. Whereas vaccination is important for prevention of disease, given its limitations, antiviral therapy is at the forefront of treatment and also plays a role in prevention. Currently, two classes of antiviral medications, the adamantanes and the neuraminidase inhibitors, are approved for treatment. Given the resistance patterns of circulating influenza, adamantanes are not recommended. Within the US, two neuraminidase inhibitors are currently approved for both treatment and prevention, while worldwide there are four available. In this review, we will briefly discuss the epidemiology and pathology of influenza and then discuss neuraminidase inhibitors: their mechanism of action, resistance, development, and future applications.
Keywords: influenza, antiviral, neuraminidase, resistance
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