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Influence of oral health condition on swallowing and oral intake level for patients affected by chronic stroke

Authors Mituuti CT, Bianco VC, Bentim CG, de Andrade EC, Rubo JH, Berretin-Felix G

Received 12 February 2014

Accepted for publication 25 April 2014

Published 16 December 2014 Volume 2015:10 Pages 29—35

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S62314

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Cláudia T Mituuti,1 Vinicius C Bianco,2 Cláudia G Bentim,3 Eduardo C de Andrade,1 José H Rubo,2 Giédre Berretin-Felix1

1Speech Language and Hearing Department, 2Department of Prosthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry/University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil; 3SORRI-BAURU, Bauru, Brazil

Background: According to the literature, the occurrence of dysphagia is high in cases of stroke, and its severity can be enhanced by loss of teeth and the use of poorly fitting prostheses.
Objective: To verify that the status of oral health influences the level of oral intake and the degree of swallowing dysfunction in elderly patients with stroke in chronic phase.
Methods: Thirty elderly individuals affected by stroke in chronic phase participated. All subjects underwent assessment of their oral condition, with classification from the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) and nasoendoscopic swallowing assessment to classify the degree of dysphagia. The statistical analysis examined a heterogeneous group (HG, n=30) and two groups designated by the affected body part, right (RHG, n=8) and left (LHG, n=11), excluding totally dentate or edentulous individuals without rehabilitation with more than one episode of stroke.
Results: There was a negative correlation between the need for replacement prostheses and the FOIS scale for the HG (P=0.02) and RHG (P=0.01). Differences in FOIS between types of prostheses of the upper dental arch in the LHG (P=0.01) and lower dental arch in the RHG (P=0.04). A negative correlation was found between the number of teeth present and the degree of dysfunction in swallowing liquid in the LHG (P=0.05). There were differences in the performance in swallowing solids between individuals without prosthesis and those with partial prosthesis in the inferior dental arch (P=0.04) for the HG.
Conclusion: The need for replacement prostheses, type of prostheses, and the number of teeth of elderly patients poststroke in chronic phase showed an association with the level of oral intake and the degree of oropharyngeal dysphagia.

Keywords: deglutition, mouth rehabilitation, aged, prosthodontics, dysphagia, cerebrovascular disorders

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