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Influence of negative lymph node in No 7 on survival of patients with middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

Authors Zhang J, Heng X, Luo Y, Fu Q, Li Z, Che F, Li B

Received 11 August 2015

Accepted for publication 23 October 2015

Published 30 March 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 1831—1837


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Ram Prasad

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Daniele Santini

Jinling Zhang,1 Xueyuan Heng,1 Yi Luo,2 Qingxi Fu,1 Zhengrong Li,1 Fengyuan Che,1 Baosheng Li3

1Cancer Center, LinYi People Hospital, Affiliated to Shandong University, School of Medicine, Jinan, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 3Department of Radiation Oncology (Chest Section), Shandong’s Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China

Background: The overall survival (OS) of patients with thoracic esophageal cancer is poor because of the high rate of lymph node metastases. However, recent studies found that the negative lymph node (LN) may also influence the patients’ OS. The purpose of this study is to investigate which negative LN stations play a key role in OS prediction.
Method: Our study included the retrospective records of 99 patients, who were identified with middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell cancer after esophagectomy. The maximum follow-up time was 6 years. Cox regression models were employed to determine the association between the negative LN and OS of patients. After applying Kaplan–Meier method to calculate OS of patients with positive and negative LNs, the log-rank tests were used to assess the difference between them.
Result: The hazard ratio of the total number of negative LNs was 0.937 (P=0.001), and the length of tumor was 1.166 (P=0.038). Multivariate regression results showed that the numbers of positive LNs in No 3 and 7 stations and negative LNs in No 109 and 7 stations were significantly related to OS, and their P-values were 0.017, 0.001, 0.020, and 0.022, respectively. The OS of the patients who had positive and negative LNs in No 7 station was significantly different (P=0.028).
Conclusion: No 7 is the most important among the negative LN stations which prolong OS. More attention should be paid to this area when making treatment plan for patients with no negative LNs identified in operation.

Keywords: esophageal cancer, lymph node metastasis, prognosis

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