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Infliximab dose adjustment can improve the clinical and radiographic outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis patients: REVIVE study results

Authors Nozaki Y, Nagare Y, Ashida C, Tomita D, Okada A, Inoue A, Kinoshita K, Funauchi M, Matsumura I

Received 18 September 2018

Accepted for publication 27 October 2018

Published 27 November 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 171—182


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Doris Benbrook

Yuji Nozaki, Yasuaki Nagare, Chisato Ashida, Daisuke Tomita, Akinori Okada, Asuka Inoue, Koji Kinoshita, Masanori Funauchi, Itaru Matsumura

Department of Hematology and Rheumatology, Kindai University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

Purpose: We evaluated the clinical responses and radiographic outcomes of 90 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) undergoing continuous or dose-adjusted infliximab treatment over 104 weeks.
Patients and methods: Patients received 3 mg/kg infliximab continuously (the contin group; n=50), or the dose escalation and de-escalation of infliximab (3, 6, and 10 mg/kg) from week 14 (the adjusted group; n=40) based on the patient’s Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28). The retention rate, clinical response, and radiographic assessment were determined at week 104.
Results: The contin and adjusted groups’ retention rates at week 104 were 56.8 and 66.7%, and the groups’ low disease activity in the DAS28 was 39.1 and 66.7%, respectively. Remission based on the DAS28 and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) Boolean-based criteria was significantly increased in the adjusted group. In the radiographic assessment, there was also a significant reduction in the mean changes in total Sharp score. The cumulative rates of any adverse effects showed no significant difference between the groups.
Conclusion: In an assessment of adequate DAS28 results, the RA patients who did not respond to the initial dose of infliximab showed improved clinical responses and radiographic assessment after a dose adjustment of infliximab, without an increased risk of serious adverse events.

Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, DAS28, infliximab, mTSS, dose adjustment, REVIVE

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