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Individualized Vancomycin Dosing with Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Pharmacokinetic Consultation Service: A Large-Scale Retrospective Observational Study

Authors Kim SM, Lee HS, Hwang NY, Kim K, Park HD, Lee SY

Received 8 October 2020

Accepted for publication 19 January 2021

Published 4 March 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 423—440


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Tin Wui Wong

Sang-Mi Kim,1 Hyun-Seung Lee,1 Na-Young Hwang,2 Kyunga Kim,2 Hyung-Doo Park,1 Soo-Youn Lee1,3,4

1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; 2Statistics and Data Center, Research Institute for Future Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; 4Department of Health Science and Technology, Samsung Advanced Institute of Health Science and Technology, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

Correspondence: Soo-Youn Lee
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Ilwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Korea
Tel +82-2-3410-1834
Fax +82-2-3410-2719
Email [email protected]

Background: To date, outcome data with a large sample size and data regarding the clinical outcomes of pharmacokinetic-guided (PK) dosing of vancomycin are limited.
Aim: We evaluated the pharmacokinetic and clinical outcomes of a PK-guided dosing advisory program, pharmacokinetic consultation service (PKCS), in vancomycin treatment.
Methods: We investigated vancomycin therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and PKCS use through a retrospective review of patients who had serum vancomycin trough concentration data from October 2017 to November 2018. Among these patients, we selected non-critically ill adult patients satisfying our selection criteria to evaluate the effect of PKCS. Target trough attainment rate, time to target attainment, vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity (VIN), vancomycin treatment failure rate, and duration of vancomycin therapy were compared between patients whose dosing was adjusted according to PKCS (PKCS group), and those whose dose was adjusted at the discretion of the attending physician (non-PKCS group).
Results: A total of 280 patients met the selection criteria for the VIN analysis (PKCS, n=134; non-PKCS, n=146). The incidence of VIN was similar between the two groups (PKCS, n=5; non-PKCS, n=5); however, the target attainment rate was higher in the PKCS group (75% vs 60%, P = 0.012). The time to target attainment was similar between the two groups. Further exclusions yielded 112 patients for the clinical outcome evaluation (PKCS, n=51; non-PKCS, n=61). The treatment failure rate was similar, and the duration of vancomycin therapy was longer in the PKCS group (12 vs 8 days, P = 0.008).
Conclusion: In non-critically ill patients, an increase in target trough achieved by PKCS did not lead to decreased vancomycin treatment failures, shorter vancomycin treatment, or decreased nephrotoxicity in vancomycin treatment. Considering the excessive amount of effort currently put into vancomycin dosing and monitoring, more selective criteria for individualized pharmacokinetic-guided dosing needs to be applied.

Keywords: vancomycin, pharmacokinetics, dosing, therapeutic drug monitoring, trough concentration, nephrotoxicity

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