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Incidence of Free of Charge Physiotherapy in a Danish National Cohort of Stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Authors Næss-Schmidt ET, Christiansen DH, Østgård RD, Andersen NBV, Nielsen JF, Odgaard L

Received 12 July 2019

Accepted for publication 12 December 2019

Published 14 January 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 23—29


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eyal Cohen

Erhard Trillingsgaard Næss-Schmidt, 1 David Høyrup Christiansen, 2, 3 Rene Drage Østgård, 4 Nils-Bo de Vos Andersen, 5 Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, 1 Lene Odgaard 1

1Hammel Neurorehabilitation Centre and University Research Clinic, Hammel, Denmark; 2Occupational Medicine, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Regional Hospital West Jutland - University Research Clinic, Herning, Denmark; 3Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; 4Diagnostic Center, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Silkeborg, Denmark; 5Primary Health Care and Quality Improvement, Viborg, Denmark

Correspondence: Erhard Trillingsgaard Næss-Schmidt
Hammel Neurorehabilitation Centre and University Research Clinic, Institute of Clinical Medicine, 15 Voldbyvej, Hammel 8450, Denmark
Tel +45 78419062

Background: Denmark is a welfare state with a publically funded healthcare system that includes the right to free of charge physiotherapy (FCP) for patients with chronic or progressive disease who fulfill strict criteria. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of referral to FCP in patients with a hospital diagnosis of stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease (PD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) between 2007 and 2016.
Methods: The study was register-based and included data from The Danish National Patient Registry and The National Health Service Registry. The study population included the four largest disease groups receiving FCP in Denmark. The incidence of receiving FCP was reported as the cumulated incidence proportion (CIP).
Results: The study showed that FCP was mainly initiated within the first 2 years after diagnosis. The 2-year CIP was 8% for stroke patients, 53% for PD patients, 49% for MS patients, and 16% for RA patients. The proportion of patients referred to FCP generally increased over the period of the study due to more patients being referred from medical specialists in primary care.
Conclusion: This study found substantial differences in the incidence of referral to FCP in a Danish population of stroke, PD, MS and RA patients.

Keywords: non-pharmacologic treatment, chronic disease, progressive disease, rehabilitation

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