Incidence and risk of hypertension with bevacizumab in non-small-cell lung cancer patients: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Authors Chen J, Lu Y, Zheng Y
Received 24 April 2015
Accepted for publication 7 July 2015
Published 18 August 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 4751—4760
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou
Jian Chen,1 Yingfeng Lu,2 Yunliang Zheng3
1Intensive Care Unit, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 2State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 3Research Center for Clinical Pharmacy, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China
Aim: A study was conducted to determine the overall risk and incidence of hypertension with bevacizumab in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.
Materials and methods: Electronic databases such as the Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library were searched for related trials. Statistical analyses were conducted to calculate the overall incidence rates, odds ratios (ORs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by using either random-effect or fixed-effect models depending on the heterogeneity.
Results: A total of 3,155 subjects from nine studies were included. The overall incidences of all-grade and high-grade hypertension in NSCLC patients were 19.55% (95% CI 10.17%–34.3%) and 6.95% (95% CI 5.81%–8.30%). Bevacizumab use was associated with a significantly increased risk in all-grade hypertension (OR 8.07, 95% CI 3.87–16.85; P=0.0002) and high-grade hypertension (OR 5.93, 95% CI 3.41–10.32; P<0.0001). No evidence of publication bias was determined for the ORs of hypertension in our meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Bevacizumab is associated with a significantly increased risk of hypertension development in NSCLC patients. Early monitoring and effective management of hypertension might be important steps for the safe use of this drug.
Keywords: non-small-cell lung cancer, bevacizumab, hypertension, meta-analysis
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