Incidence and risk of developing contrast-induced acute kidney injury following intravascular contrast administration in elderly patients
Wei Song, Tuo Zhang, Jun Pu, Linghong Shen, Ben He
Department of Cardiology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Background: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the epidemiology of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in the elderly.
Methods: A literature review was undertaken to determine the incidence of CI-AKI in individuals receiving intravascular contrast medium in the hospital setting.
Results: Twenty-two studies with 186,455 patients were identified. The pooled incidence of CI-AKI was 13.6% in 67,831 patients older than 65 years of age (95% confidence interval [CI] 10.1–18.2, I2=0.496). The pooled odds ratio of CI-AKI in the elderly was 2.55 (95% CI 1.85–3.52, I2=0.34). The high incidence of CI-AKI in the elderly was consistent across different administration route subgroups (intracoronary contrast medium group, 15.5% [95% CI 10.3–22.6]; intravenous contrast medium group, 12.4% [95% CI 8.0–18.8]).
Conclusion: Elderly patients are at greater risk for developing CI-AKI.
Keywords: contrast-induced acute kidney injury, angiography, enhanced computed tomography, epidemiology, meta-analysis
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