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In vitro cytotoxicity analysis of doxorubicin-loaded/superparamagnetic iron oxide colloidal nanoassemblies on MCF7 and NIH3T3 cell lines

Authors Tomankova K, Polakova K, Pizova K, Binder S, Havrdova M, Kolarova M, Kriegova E, Zapletalova J, Malina L, Horakova J, Malohlava J, Kolokithas-Ntoukas A, Bakandritsos A, Kolarova H, Zboril R

Received 12 August 2014

Accepted for publication 11 October 2014

Published 29 January 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 949—961


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Katerina Tomankova,1 Katerina Polakova,2 Klara Pizova,1 Svatopluk Binder,1 Marketa Havrdova,2 Mary Kolarova,2 Eva Kriegova,3 Jana Zapletalova,1 Lukas Malina,1 Jana Horakova,1 Jakub Malohlava,1 Argiris Kolokithas-Ntoukas,4 Aristides Bakandritsos,4 Hana Kolarova,1 Radek Zboril2

1Department of Medical Biophysics, Institute of Translation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, 2Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Departments of Physical Chemistry and Experimental Physics, Faculty of Science, 3Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 4Department of Materials Science, University of Patras, Patras, Greece

Abstract: One of the promising strategies for improvement of cancer treatment is based on magnetic drug delivery systems, thus avoiding side effects of standard chemotherapies. Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles have ideal properties to become a targeted magnetic drug delivery contrast probes, named theranostics. We worked with SPIO condensed colloidal nanocrystal clusters (MagAlg) prepared through a new soft biomineralization route in the presence of alginate as the polymeric shell and loaded with doxorubicin (DOX). The aim of this work was to study the in vitro cytotoxicity of these new MagAlg–DOX systems on mouse fibroblast and breast carcinoma cell lines. For proper analysis and understanding of cell behavior after administration of MagAlg–DOX compared with free DOX, a complex set of in vitro tests, including production of reactive oxygen species, comet assay, cell cycle determination, gene expression, and cellular uptake, were utilized. It was found that the cytotoxic effect of MagAlg–DOX system is delayed compared to free DOX in both cell lines. This was attributed to the different mechanism of internalization of DOX and MagAlg–DOX into the cells, together with the fact that the drug is strongly bound on the drug nanocarriers. We discovered that nanoparticles can attenuate or even inhibit the effect of DOX, particularly in the tumor MCF7 cell line. This is a first comprehensive study on the cytotoxic effect of DOX-loaded SPIO compared with free DOX on healthy and cancer cell lines, as well as on the induced changes in gene expression.

Keywords: DOX/SPIO nanocarriers, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, doxorubicin, in vitro cytotoxicity

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