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Impact of plantar fasciitis on the quality of life of male and female patients according to the Foot Health Status Questionnaire

Authors Palomo-López P, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo R, Losa-Iglesias ME, Rodríguez-Sanz D, Calvo-Lobo C, López-López D

Received 14 December 2017

Accepted for publication 11 March 2018

Published 27 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 875—880


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval

Patricia Palomo-López,1 Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo,2 Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias,3 David Rodríguez-Sanz,4 César Calvo-Lobo,5 Daniel López-López6

1Department of Nursing, University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, Spain; 2School of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; 3Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain; 4Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health, Exercise and Sport, European University of Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain; 5Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of León, Ponferrada, León, Spain; 6Research, Health and Podiatry Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, Spain

Background and purpose: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a foot disorder in adults secondary to an inflammatory response caused by repetitive micro-trauma. We evaluated and compared the impact on quality of life (QoL) related to foot health and general health between males and females with PF.
Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, patients with PF were recruited from a podiatry clinic. Physical examination, sociodemographic data, and the self-reported Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ) were recorded. The FHSQ has three sections and provides two composite scores from 0 to 100. Higher scores (close to 100) reflect better QoL related to foot health and health in general; lower scores (close to 0) denote a worse QoL related to these health items.
Results: One hundred patients (49 males [42.38 ± 14.065 years old] and 51 females [43.90 ± 14.305 years old]) were recruited. Section one of the FHSQ evaluates four foot domains, and significant differences (P<0.05) were shown for foot pain and footwear, with males having higher scores than females, but not for foot function and general foot health (P>0.05). Section two assesses four domains of general wellbeing, and significant differences (P<0.05) were shown for overall health, physical function, social capacity, and vigor, with males having higher scores than females.
Conclusion: Females with PF showed a worse health-related QoL for foot pain, foot function, footwear, and general foot health than males. A better health-related QoL was also shown for males with PF than for females with regard to general health, physical activity, social capacity, and vigor.

Keywords: plantar fasciitis, foot health status, foot pain, quality of life

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