Impact of lowering ski binding settings on the outcome of the self-release test of ski bindings among female recreational skiers
Authors Posch M, Burtscher M, Schranz A, Tecklenburg K, Helle K, Ruedl G
Received 8 September 2017
Accepted for publication 2 November 2017
Published 14 December 2017 Volume 2017:8 Pages 267—272
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Andreas Imhoff
Markus Posch,1 Martin Burtscher,1 Alois Schranz,2 Katja Tecklenburg,2 Kenneth Helle,2 Gerhard Ruedl1
1Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; 2Medalp Sportclinic, Imst, Austria
Background and purpose: The ability to successfully self-release the ski binding can prevent skiing-related injuries of the lower extremities. Failure of binding release associated with a knee injury is significantly higher among females compared to males. The International Standards Organization ISO 11088 standard for binding setting values allows a lowering by 15% upon request of the skier. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of lowered ski binding settings by 15% on the outcome of the self-release test among female recreational skiers.
Materials and methods: In this randomized single-blinded study, a cohort of 20 females (24.5±2.7 years) performed the self-release test in the laboratory thrice with each leg under two conditions: 1) with an actual ISO 11088 setting and 2) with a setting lowered by 15%. For each attempt, torques calculated via the force plate were normalized to torques measured by a binding adjustment system (relative release torque, RRT).
Results: Among 240 trials in total, more females were significantly able to self-release their ski bindings with lowered binding settings when compared to their actual ISO settings (53% vs 9%, p<0.001). Thirteen females (65%) were able to release their bindings at least once with both legs with lowered binding settings compared to only three females (15%) with their actual binding settings (p<0.001). Mean RRT of all failure of binding release trials significantly differed between lowered and actual binding settings (58.6%±22.2% vs 50.5%±20.4%, p=0.003).
Conclusion: Four times more females were able to self-release their ski bindings at least once with both legs with a 15% lowered binding setting compared to their normal ISO 11088 setting. The fact that the ISO standard accepts a lowering by 15% upon request of the skier could represent an important measure to prevent knee injuries, especially for female recreational skiers.
Keywords: recreational skiing, prevention, knee injury, self-release test, lowered ski binding settings
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]