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Impact of chronotype on athletic performance: current perspectives

Authors Roden LC, Rudner TD, Rae DE

Received 1 February 2017

Accepted for publication 16 March 2017

Published 31 March 2017 Volume 2017:7 Pages 1—6


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Marc Hébert

Laura C Roden,1 Trinity D Rudner,1 Dale E Rae2

1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, 2Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Abstract: Many of the physiological and psychological qualities that influence an athlete’s performance show diurnal variation. Humans present with a temporal phenotype, their chronotype that affects their preference for morning or evening activity. There is considerable interindividual variation in the phase relationship of physiological processes, hormones and core body temperature to external time due to chronotype. This can lead to differences in the times of peaks of physical performance within a day. Chronotype is thus an important variable in determining optimal times for training and competition and may affect an athlete’s choice of sport or his/her success in it. We review the evidence that chronotype influences athletic performance and speculate about how athletes might overcome the effects of chronotype when their schedule is out of phase with their circadian rhythm.

chronotype, circadian, athletes, training, training time-of-day, individual sports

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