If someone cares about you, you are more apt to come around: improving HIV care engagement by strengthening the patient–provider relationship
Received 14 November 2017
Accepted for publication 19 December 2017
Published 24 May 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 919—927
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Troy J Wood,1 Kimberly A Koester,2 Katerina A Christopoulos,3 John A Sauceda,1 Torsten B Neilands,1 Mallory O Johnson1
1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; 2AIDS Policy Research Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; 3Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, Division of HIV, ID and Global Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Purpose: The patient–provider relationship is a central factor that can promote or hinder long-term engagement in care among people living with chronic illnesses. In this paper, we explore characteristics of the patient–provider relationship that facilitated or hindered engagement in care among patients receiving care at HIV specialty clinics.
Patients and methods: We conducted 6 focus group discussions with a total of 43 well-retained and less well-retained HIV+ patients in San Francisco, Seattle, and Birmingham, to elicit a wide range of perspectives on engagement in HIV care. Borrowing from the field of psychotherapy, we examined patient–provider relationship characteristics through the lens of the therapeutic alliance, and with regard to their therapeutic efficacy and impact on patient engagement.
Results: The majority of participants emphasized how a strong patient–provider relationship defined by trust, intimacy, and collaboration promoted engagement, while a weak patient–provider relationship impeded engagement.
Conclusion: We discuss practical strategies and therapeutic techniques that may be helpful to providers in building strong patient–provider relationship and contend that a strong patient–provider relationship is crucial for patients to feel cared for during clinical encounters, which can promote long-term and sustained engagement in HIV care.
Keywords: focus groups, engagement in care, therapeutic alliance, psychotherapy, HIV, HIV care
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