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Identification of PDE7B as a Potential Core Gene Involved in the Metastasis of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Authors Sun Y, Zou J, Ouyang W, Chen K

Received 23 April 2020

Accepted for publication 17 June 2020

Published 12 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 5701—5712


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Rudolph Navari

Yi Sun,1,2,* Junxia Zou,3,* Wei Ouyang,1,2 Ke Chen1,2

1Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, People’s Republic of China; 2Hubei Institute of Urology, Wuhan 430030, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Ke Chen Email

Background: Metastasis is the main cause of treatment failure in various cancer, including ccRCC. However, the key genes involved in ccRCC metastasis remain largely unknown.
Purpose: The identification of the aberrant gene expression patterns associated with metastatic traits is of great clinical significance. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance and function of PDE7B in ccRCC.
Materials and Methods: Expression profiling data for patient-matched primary and metastatic ccRCC tumors were obtained from GEO Dataset. Limma package was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the metastatic and the primary groups. Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes Genomes (KEGG), and PPI network analysis were used to study the interacting activities and the interconnection of the DEGs. CCK-8 assays and Transwell assays were performed to detect the proliferation and migration of renal cancer cells.
Results: We obtained 163 DEGs, including 132 that were upregulated and 31 that were downregulated in metastatic ccRCC tissues. Both Gene Ontology function and KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs were involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) organization and cell adhesion. After utilizing PPI network to explore the interconnection among the DEGs, 22 genes were selected as the hub genes. Subsequently, survival analysis revealed that seven hub genes (SFN, NKX2-1, HP, MAPT, EPHA4, KCNAB1, and PDE7B) were significantly associated with overall survival disease-specific survival, and progression-free interval in ccRCC. Moreover, the low expression of PDE7B was found in clinical ccRCC samples and correlated with TNM stage and histologic grade. We further showed that knockdown of PDE7B increased cell growth and migration of renal cancer cells.
Conclusion: Our results implicated that PDE7B may play a key role in the development of metastatic RCC.

Keywords: metastatic renal cell carcinoma, differentially expressed genes, PDE7B, extracellular matrix

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