Hypothyroidism and Complicated Sick Sinus Syndrome and Acute Severe Psychiatric Disorder: A Case Report
Authors Huang R, Yan L, Lei Y, Li Y
Received 7 December 2020
Accepted for publication 28 January 2021
Published 19 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 171—176
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Ronald Prineas
Rui Huang,1,* Li Yan,2,* Yuhua Lei,1 Yuanhong Li1
1Cardiovascular Disease Center, Central Hospital of Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Enshi Clinical College of Wuhan University, Enshi Prefecture, 445000, Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Pediatrics Department, Central Hospital of Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Enshi Clinical College of Wuhan University, Enshi Prefecture, 445000, Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Yuanhong Li No. 158 Wuyang Avenue, Enshi City, Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]
Background: Thyroxine is closely related to cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease, ventricular arrhythmia, atrioventricular block, myocardial systolic weakness, pericardial effusion, low cardiac output and hypertension. Previous studies have also found that hypothyroidism can also lead to mental disorders. Here, we present a rare case of severe hypothyroidism patient accompanied by sick sinus syndrome (SSS) as a cardiovascular manifestation needing cardiac pacing and severe mental disorders.
Case Presentation: A 42-year-old female patient, previously healthy, was referred to our hospital because of bradycardia complicated with sick sinus syndrome which requiring cardiac pacing and severe mental disorders. Her clinical features along with laboratory findings strongly suggested that the patient had severe hypothyroidism with sick sinus syndrome and mental disorders, both of which were reversible and successfully treated with levothyroxine.
Conclusion: This is the first reported case of hypothyroidism with sick sinus syndrome requiring pacemakers and psychiatric disorders, and the symptoms can be improved and reversed after thyroxine supplementation. This case highlights the importance of hypothyroidism screening when faced with unexplained psychosis or sick sinus syndrome, especially if combined.
Keywords: hypothyroidism, sick sinus syndrome, psychiatric disorder, case report
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