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Hydrophobically modified chitosan nanoliposomes for intestinal drug delivery

Authors Zariwala MG, Bendre H, Markiv A, Farnaud S, Renshaw D, Taylor KMG, Somavarapu S

Received 14 March 2018

Accepted for publication 30 May 2018

Published 27 September 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 5837—5848

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S166901

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas J Webster


M Gulrez Zariwala,1 Harshada Bendre,2 Anatoliy Markiv,3 Sebastien Farnaud,4 Derek Renshaw,4 Kevin MG Taylor,2 Satyanarayana Somavarapu2

1Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Westminster, London, UK; 2Department of Pharmaceutics, University College London School of Pharmacy, London, UK; 3Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King’s College London, London, UK; 4Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK

Background:
Encapsulation of hydrophilic drugs within liposomes can be challenging.
Methods: A novel chitosan derivative, O-palmitoyl chitosan (OPC) was synthesized from chitosan and palmitoyl chloride using methane-sulfonic acid as a solvent. The success of synthesis was confirmed by Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy and proton NMR spectroscopy (H-NMR). Liposomes encapsulating ferrous sulphate as a model hydrophilic drug for intestinal delivery were prepared with or without OPC inclusion (Lipo-Fe and OPC-Lipo-Fe).
Results: Entrapment of iron was significantly higher in OPC containing liposomes compared to controls. Quantitative iron absorption from the OPC liposomes was significantly higher (1.5-fold P<0.05) than free ferrous sulphate controls. Qualitative uptake analysis by confocal imaging using coumarin-6 dye loaded liposomes also indicated higher cellular uptake and internalization of the OPC-containing liposomes.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that addition of OPC during liposome preparation creates robust vesicles that have improved mucoadhesive and absorption enhancing properties. The chitosan derivative OPC therefore provides a novel alternative for formulation of delivery vehicles targeting intestinal absorption.

Keywords: gut delivery, intestinal absorption, Caco-2, ferrous sulfate

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