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Hummingbird Study: Results from an Exploratory Trial Assessing the Performance and Acceptance of a Digital Medicine System in Adults with Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, or First-Episode Psychosis

Authors Fowler JC, Cope N, Knights J, Fang H, Skubiak T, Shergill SS, Phiri P, Rathod S, Peters-Strickland T

Received 6 November 2020

Accepted for publication 23 January 2021

Published 12 February 2021 Volume 2021:17 Pages 483—492

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S290793

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder


J Corey Fowler,1 Nathan Cope,2 Jonathan Knights,3 Hui Fang,4 Taisa Skubiak,5 Sukhi S Shergill,6 Peter Phiri,7 Shanaya Rathod,7 Timothy Peters-Strickland1

1Global Clinical Development, CNS and Digital Medicine, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 08540, USA; 2Program Management, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Europe Ltd., Wexham, SL3 6PJ, UK; 3Data Insights and Analytics, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 08540, USA; 4Biostatistics, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 08540, USA; 5Clinical Management, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., Princeton, NJ, 08540, USA; 6Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, SE5 8AF, UK; 7Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust, Moorgreen Hospital, Clinical Trials Facility, Research Department, Southampton, SO30 3JB, UK

Correspondence: J Corey Fowler
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc., 508 Carnegie Center, Princeton, NJ, 08540, USA
Tel +1 919 475 4823
Email corey.fowler@otsuka-us.com

Purpose: Symptoms of psychotic disorders can complicate efforts to accurately evaluate patients’ medication ingestion. The digital medicine system (DMS), composed of antipsychotic medication co-encapsulated with an ingestible sensor, wearable sensor patches, and a smartphone application, was developed to objectively measure medication ingestion. We assessed performance and acceptance of the DMS in subjects with psychotic disorders.
Methods: This was an 8-week open-label, single-arm, multicenter, Phase 4 pragmatic study (NCT 03568500; EudraCT #2017-004602-17). Eligible adults were diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or first-episode psychosis; were receiving aripiprazole, quetiapine, olanzapine, or risperidone; and could use the DMS with the application downloaded on a personal smartphone. The primary endpoint was good patch coverage, defined as the proportion of days over the assessment period where ≥ 80.0% of patch data was available, or an ingestion was detected. Exploratory endpoints included a survey on user satisfaction, used to assess acceptance of the DMS. Safety analyses included the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs).
Results: From May 25, 2018 to March 22, 2019, 55 subjects were screened and 44 were enrolled. Good patch coverage was achieved on 63.4% of days assessed and the DMS generated an adherence metric of ≥ 80.0%, reflecting the percentage of ingestion events expected when good patch coverage was reported. Most subjects (53.5%) were satisfied with the DMS. Medical device skin irritations were the only TEAEs reported.
Conclusion: The DMS had sufficient performance in, and acceptance from, subjects with psychotic disorders and was generally well tolerated.

Keywords: digital medicine, antipsychotic, digital health, medication adherence

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