HPIP: a predictor of lymph node metastasis and poor survival in cervical cancer
Authors Cao S, Sun J, Lin S, Zhao L, Wu D, Liang T, Sheng W
Received 6 May 2017
Accepted for publication 25 June 2017
Published 26 August 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 4205—4211
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr XuYu Yang
Shan Cao, Jingxia Sun, Shuai Lin, Lu Zhao, Di Wu, Tian Liang, Wenji Sheng
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, People’s Republic of China
Background: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships of HPIP expression status with the clinicopathological variables and survival outcomes of patients with cervical cancer (CC).
Methods: We compared the HPIP expression of 119 samples from CC tissues, 20 from cervical intraepithelial tissues, and 20 from normal cervical tissues by using immunohistochemical staining.
Results: It was observed that the ratio of elevated HPIP expression was higher in CC tissues than in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (P=0.017) and normal cervical tissues (P=0.001). In addition, there was an association between HPIP and clinicopathological factors, such as histological grade (P<0.001), stromal infiltration (P=0.015), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI; P=0.026), and recurrence (P=0.029). Furthermore, multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that high HPIP expression (P=0.027 and P=0.042) as well as the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics stage (P=0.003 and P=0.009), lymph node metastasis (P=0.031 and P=0.017), and LVSI (P=0.024 and P=0.046) were independent prognostic factors. In addition, we demonstrated that high HPIP expression (P=0.003) and LVSI (P<0.001) were independently related to lymph node metastasis.
Conclusion: Elevated HPIP expression may contribute to the progression and metastasis of CC and may also serve as a new biomarker to predict the prognosis of CC.
Keywords: HPIP, cervical cancer, metastasis, progression, prognosis
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