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Hospital Characteristics Associated with Certified EHR Adoption among US Psychiatric Hospitals

Authors Hu X, Qu H, Houser SH, Chen H, Zhou J, Yu M

Received 9 December 2019

Accepted for publication 14 March 2020

Published 2 April 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 295—301


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto

Xuejun Hu, 1, 2 Haiyan Qu, 2 Shannon H Houser, 2 Huoliang Chen, 1 Jinming Zhou, 1 Min Yu 3

1Department of Health Services Administration, Air Force Medical University, Xi’an, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Health Services Administration, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 3Department of Health Services Administration, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Min Yu
27 Taiping Road, Beijing 100850
Tel +86 10 6693  1042

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between hospital characteristics and certified electronic health record (EHR) adoption in psychiatric hospitals in the US.
Methods: Data were drawn from the American Hospital Association Annual Survey Database and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hospital Compare data sets in 2016. Binary logistic regression analysis and χ 2 tests were performed to examine the relationship between certified EHR adoption and hospital characteristics.
Results: Of 1,059 psychiatric hospitals in the US, 502 (47.4%) have adopted certified EHR technology. Large hospitals (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.52– 3.44; p< 0.001), not-for-profit hospitals (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.22– 2.49; p=0.008), and hospitals participating in a network (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.34– 2.37; p< 0.001) were more likely to adopt certified EHRs. Hospitals in the northeast were less likely to implement certified EHRs compared to other regions. However, there was no significant association found between EHR utilization and system affiliation, urban location, teaching status, or participation of health-maintenance organizations and preferred provider organizations.
Conclusion: The study results suggested variations in EHR adoption according to hospital location, size, ownership, and network participation. This study fills a gap in previous work on certified EHR adoption that focused exclusively on general hospitals, but overlooked psychiatric hospitals. Future policies designed to influence the implementation of certified EHRs should take into consideration how hospital size, ownership, and network-affiliation status affect certified EHR adoption among psychiatric hospitals.

Keywords: hospital characteristics, electronic health records, health information technology, psychiatric hospitals

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