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Histological type-specific prognostic factors of cervical small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma

Authors Intaraphet S, Kasatpibal N, Søgaard M, Khunamornpong S, Patumanond J, Chandacham A, Chitapanarux I, Siriaunkgul S

Received 24 March 2014

Accepted for publication 23 April 2014

Published 1 July 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 1205—1214


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Suthida Intaraphet,1 Nongyao Kasatpibal,2 Mette Søgaard,3 Surapan Khunamornpong,4 Jayanton Patumanond,5 Anchalee Chandacham,6 Imjai Chitapanarux,7 Sumalee Siriaunkgul4

1Boromarajonani College of Nursing, KhonKaen, Thailand and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 2Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; 4Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 5Clinical Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, PathumThani, Thailand; 6Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Nakornping Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 7Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Background: The study aimed to determine the prognostic impact of clinical and pathological factors on survival among patients with small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC), adenocarcinoma (ADC), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
Methods: Eligible participants were all patients with histologically confirmed cervical cancer treated at Chiang Mai University Hospital between 1995 and 2011. We included all patients with SNEC and randomly enrolled patients with ADC and SCC. We used competing-risk regression analysis to examine the risk of cancer-related death by histological type.
Results: We included 130 (6.2%) women with SNEC, 346 (16.4%) with ADC, and 1,632 (77.4%) with SCC. Age >60 years (hazard ratio [HR] 4.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.0–12.0) and lymph node involvement (HR 3.0, 95% CI 1.2–7.4) were prognostic factors among surgically-treated patients with SNEC. Deeper stromal invasion (HR 3.6, 95% CI 1.6–8.3) was a prognostic factor in patients with SCC. In patients with advanced SNEC, age >60 years had a strong prognostic impact (HR 2.6, 95% CI 1.0–6.5) while the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages III and IV were prognostic factors for patients with advanced stage ADC (HR 2.9, 95% CI 2.0–4.4 and HR 4.5, 95% CI 2.6–7.9, respectively) and SCC (HR 1.7, 95% CI 1.4–2.0 and HR 3.7, 95% CI 2.8–4.9, respectively) compared with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIB.
Conclusion: Clinical and pathological prognostic factors in cervical cancer differed according to histological type. Taking the important prognostic factors for each histological type into consideration may be beneficial for tailored treatment and follow-up planning.

Keywords: prognosis, cervical cancer, histology, competing risk, survival, prognostic factor

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