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Histologic characterization of cellular infiltration in autoimmune subepidermal bullous diseases in a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia

Authors BinJadeed HF, Alyousef AM, Alsaif FM, Alhumidi AA, Alotaibi HO

Received 29 November 2017

Accepted for publication 22 January 2018

Published 24 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 187—194


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Jeffrey Weinberg

Hessah F BinJadeed,1 Alanoud M Alyousef,1 Fahad M Alsaif,2 Ahmed A Alhumidi,3 Homaid O Alotaibi2

1College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 3Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Background: Autoimmune subepidermal bullous dermatoses have similar clinical features to those of a spectrum of immune reactants at the dermo-epidermal junction (DEJ). It is difficult to obtain a precise diagnosis without an immunofluorescence assay because of their similar clinical presentations. The aim of this study was to describe the cellular cutaneous infiltration among autoimmune subepidermal bullous dermatoses.
Materials and methods: This retrospective analysis was conducted at a hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia using biopsy-based data collected from 65 patients.
Results: Spongiotic changes, neutrophils, and lymphocyte infiltrations in the epidermis differed among the subepidermal bullous diseases. The DEJ showed a difference in the extent of neutrophil infiltration. The dermis showed differences in perivascular lymphocytic infiltration, neutrophilic infiltration, eosinophilic infiltration, and dermal edema.
Conclusion: The dermal and DEJ showed most of the histopathologic changes in subepidermal autoimmune bullous dermatoses.

Keywords: bullous pemphigoid, dermatitis herpetiformis, Saudi Arabia, subepidermal autoimmune bullous disorders, pemphigoid gestationis

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