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Highly effective antiangiogenesis via magnetic mesoporous silica-based siRNA vehicle targeting the VEGF gene for orthotopic ovarian cancer therapy

Authors Chen Y, Wang X, Liu T, Zhang DS, Wang Y, Gu H, Di W

Received 5 December 2014

Accepted for publication 23 January 2015

Published 31 March 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 2579—2594

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S78774

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Yijie Chen,1,2,* Xinran Wang,3,4,* Ting Liu,3,4 Ding Sheng-zi Zhang,1,2 Yunfei Wang,3,4 Hongchen Gu,1,2 Wen Di3,4

1State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Clinical Stem Cell Research Center, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, 2School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 4Shanghai Key Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work 

Abstract: Therapeutic antiangiogenesis strategies have demonstrated significant antitumor efficacy in ovarian cancer. Recently, RNA interference (RNAi) has come to be regarded as a promising technology for treatment of disease, especially cancer. In this study, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-small interfering RNA (siRNA) was encapsulated into a magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticle (M-MSN)-based, polyethylenimine (PEI)-capped, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-grafted, fusogenic peptide (KALA)-functionalized siRNA delivery system, termed M-MSN_VEGF siRNA@PEI-PEG-KALA, which showed significant effectiveness with regard to VEGF gene silencing in vitro and in vivo. The prepared siRNA delivery system readily exhibited cellular internalization and ease of endosomal escape, resulting in excellent RNAi efficacy without associated cytotoxicity in SKOV3 cells. In in vivo experiments, notable retardation of tumor growth was observed in orthotopic ovarian tumor-bearing mice, which was attributed to significant inhibition of angiogenesis by systemic administration of this nanocarrier. No obvious toxic drug responses were detected in major organs. Further, the magnetic core of M-MSN_VEGF siRNA@PEI-PEG-KALA proved capable of probing the site and size of the ovarian cancer in mice on magnetic resonance imaging. Collectively, the results demonstrate that an M-MSN-based delivery system has potential to serve as a carrier of siRNA therapeutics in ovarian cancer.

Keywords: antiangiogenesis, small interfering RNA, mesoporous silica nanoparticles, vascular endothelial growth factor, ovarian cancer

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