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High expression of Sox10 correlates with tumor aggressiveness and poor prognosis in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Authors Zhao Y, Liu Z, Tang J, Zou R, Chen X, Jiang G, Qiu Y, Wang H

Received 26 November 2015

Accepted for publication 15 February 2016

Published 21 March 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 1671—1677


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Manfred Beleut

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr William Cho

Yu Zhao,1,* Zhi-gang Liu,1,* Jiao Tang,1 Ren-fang Zou,1 Xiao-yan Chen,2 Guan-min Jiang,3 Yan-fang Qiu,1 Hui Wang1

1Key Laboratory of Translational Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiation Oncology, 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, Hunan Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose: The aim of the study was to detect the expression of Sox10 in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and investigate the relationship between its expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of NPC patients.
Patients and methods: Tumor specimens (n=105) were retrospectively collected from patients with NPC diagnosed between 2004 and 2005 who presented at Hunan Cancer Hospital. Immunohistochemistry analyses were performed to characterize the expression of Sox10 in NPC. Kaplan–Meier survival and Cox regression analyses were employed to evaluate the prognosis of 105 NPC patients.
Results: The results showed that Sox10 was markedly overexpressed in human NPC tissues. Analysis of clinicopathological parameters showed that high Sox10 expression was significantly correlated with the clinical stage (P=0.032), T classification (P=0.034), and lymph node metastasis (P=0.03). Cox regression analyses further showed that Sox10 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (P=0.005). This is the first time Sox10 has shown its importance in predicting NPC progressiveness and survival outcomes.
Conclusion: Sox10 serves as a potential biomarker for NPC patients. It may hopefully become a novel therapeutic target for NPC patients.

Keywords: Sox10, NPC, prognosis

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