High dose vs low dose irradiation of the subventricular zone in patients with glioblastoma—a systematic review and meta-analysis
Received 19 February 2019
Accepted for publication 6 June 2019
Published 18 July 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 6741—6753
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo
Sergiu Şuşman,1,2,* Daniel-Corneliu Leucuţa,3 Gabriel Kacso,4,5,* Ştefan Ioan Florian6,7
1Department of Morphological Sciences, Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 2Department of Neuropathology-Imogen Research Center, Emergency County Hospital, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 3Department of Medical Informatics and Biostatistics, Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 4Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 5Amethyst Radiotherapy Center, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 6Department of Neurosciences, Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 7Department of Neurosurgery, Emergency County Hospital, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Purpose: The published data indicate that the irradiation of the subventricular zone (SVZ) might play a role in the treatment of patients with glioblastoma (GBM). We aimed to determine whether radiation treatment doses (high vs low) applied to the SVZ can lead to an increase in progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).
Patients and methods: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis according to the PICOS research criteria of patients with glioblastoma which received high doses compared to low doses in order to determine if they have a better survival in observational and experimental studies.
Results: Our survey of the literature yielded 2573 unique records. After screening, 17 were assessed for eligibility, and in the end 8 were included in the qualitative and 4 in the quantitative analysis. Subjects who received higher doses of ipsilateral SVZ (iSVZ) irradiation had a statistically significant better PFS than those receiving lower doses (HR 0.58 [95% CI 0.42–0.82], p=0.002). Subjects receiving higher doses of contralateral SVZ (cSVZ) irradiation did not have a statistically significant better PFS than those receiving lower doses (HR =0.89 [95% CI 0.35–2.26], p=0.81). Also for OS the subjects receiving higher doses to the iSVZ did not have a statistically significant better survival than those receiving lower doses (HR =0.75 [95% CI 0.51–1.11], p=0.15).
Conclusion: The data indicate a possible involvement of the SVZ in the onset and progression of the GBM, as well as a possible role of the SVZ in radiation therapy.
Keywords: glioblastoma, radiation therapy, neural stem cells, survival
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