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High-Dose Tigecycline in Elderly Patients with Pneumonia Due to Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in Intensive Care Unit

Authors Bai XR, Jiang DC, Yan SY

Received 11 February 2020

Accepted for publication 21 April 2020

Published 18 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1447—1454

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S249352

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony


Xiang-Rong Bai,1,2 De-Chun Jiang,1,2 Su-Ying Yan1,2

1Department of Pharmacy, Xuanwu Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorder, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: De-Chun Jiang Email jiangdechun@sina.com

Purpose: The association between clinical and microbiological outcomes and high-dose tigecycline (TGC) was assessed in elderly (≥ 60 years old) patients with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacterbaumannii(A. baumannii). This study also assessed tigecycline combination with different antibiotics and its influence on the outcome.
Patients and Methods: An observational retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients over 60 years old were treated with standard-dose (SD) TGC (100-mg intravenous TGC initially, followed by 50-mg doses administered intravenously twice daily) and high-dose (HD) TGC (200-mg intravenous TGC initially, followed by 100-mg doses administered intravenously twice daily) for a microbially confirmed infection. The outcome was 30-day crude mortality, co-administered antimicrobial agent and the microbial eradication percentage in both groups.
Results: A total of 48 multidrug-resistant A. baumannii respiratory patients were identified. Tigecycline was administered to 85% of ventilation-associated pneumonia (VAP) patients (28/33) in the SD group and 80% of VAP patients (12/15) in the HD group. Combined therapy was the major treatment option in both groups, accounting for 85% and 87%, respectively. Median treatment duration in both groups was 7.36 vs 8.6 days, respectively. Survival days were 13.61 vs 12.4 days (P=0.357), respectively. The 30-day crude mortality was 39.4% (13/33) for the SD group and 14% (2/15) for the HD group (P=0.098). The microbial eradication rate of respiratory specimens in the SD group was higher than that in the HD group (P=0.02). The variables associated with 30-day crude mortality were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (hazard ratio [HR] 11.63, 95% CI 1.094– 123.058; P=0.042), tigecycline treatment duration (HR 0.690, 95% CI 0.515– 0.926; P=0.013), and surgery before infection (HR 79.276, 95% CI 6.983– 899.979; P=0.000). High-dose tigecycline was not associated with 30-day crude mortality (adjusted HR 0.329, 95% CI 0.074– 1.460; P=0.145). Combined antibiotics was also not different between the two groups.
Conclusions: High-dose tigecycline was not associated with 30-day crude mortality in elderly patients with pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant A. baumannii, although the microbial eradication rate was high.

Keywords: pneumonia, critical ill patients, high-dose tigecycline, drug-resistant, Acinetobacter baumannii

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