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Heterogeneity of Helicobacter pylori Strains Isolated from Patients with Gastric Disorders in Guiyang, China

Authors Mi M, Wu F, Zhu J, Liu F, Cui G, Wen X, Hu Y, Deng Z, Wu X, Zhang Z, Qi T, Chen Z

Received 19 October 2020

Accepted for publication 9 January 2021

Published 11 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 535—545


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sahil Khanna

Mengheng Mi,1,2,* Fangcao Wu1 12 2,* Jian Zhu3 3, Fang Liu1 12 2, Guzhen Cui1 14 4, Xueqing Wen1 12 2, Yue Hu5 5, Zhaohui Deng3 3, Xiaojuan Wu1 12 2, Zhengrong Zhang1 14 4, Tingna Qi1 14 4, Zhenghong Chen1 12 2

1Key Laboratory of Microbiology and Parasitology of Education Department of Guizhou, School of Basic Medical Science, Guizhou Medical University/Joint Laboratory of Helicobacter Pylori and Intestinal Microecology of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control, Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Gastroenterology, Guiyang Hospital of Guizhou Aviation Industry Group, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China; 4Key Laboratory of Endemic and Ethnic Diseases (Guizhou Medical University), Ministry of Education, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Zhenghong Chen
Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Medical Science, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China
Tel + 86-13985006815
Fax + 86-85188174015

Purpose: Chronic Helicobacter pylori infection causes peptic ulcers in a subpopulation of individuals and is a risk factor for the development of gastric cancer. Multiple infections and heteroresistant H. pylori contribute to poor treatment efficacy. Here, we investigated the extent of genetic diversity among H. pylori strains within a given host and its influence on the results of antibiotic (metronidazole, levofloxacin, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and tetracycline) susceptibility testing.
Materials and Methods: Gastric mucosa biopsy samples were obtained from patients with gastric disorders, including 48 H. pylori positive patients, who were never previously treated for H. pylori infection. Five potential H. pylori colonies isolated from each sample were subcultured for enrichment. Enriched H. pylori colonies were identified through Gram staining and assays for urease, oxidase, and catalase. For each H. pylori monoclonal colony, the antibiotic susceptibility was assessed, genomic DNA was sequenced, and the cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA) genotype was verified. Co-infection with multiple H. pylori strains was determined using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
Results: Thirteen gastric mucosa biopsy samples were positive for H. pylori. Five monoclonal strains isolated from each of these 13 patients were identified as H. pylori. RAPD-PCR indicated that intra-patient monoclonal strains of H. pylori in 10 of the 13 samples exhibited heterogeneity. Among the 13 patients, intra-patient monoclonal strains isolated from 4 patients had identical cagA genotype, whereas intra-patient monoclonal strains isolated from the other 9 patients harbored more than one cagA genotype. The antibiotic susceptibility of five intra-patient monoclonal strains from seven patients was inconsistent.
Conclusion: The existence of heterogeneous H. pylori strains with resistance to different drugs and virulence were common within the gastric mucosa of an individual patient.

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, heterogeneity, antibiotic resistance, cagA typing

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