Heme oxygenase-1 induction in the brain during lipopolysaccharide-induced acute inflammation
Shigeru Maeda1, Ichiro Nakatsuka1, Yukiko Hayashi1, Hitoshi Higuchi1, Masahiko Shimada2, Takuya Miyawaki1
1Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan; 2Orofacial Pain Management, Department of Oral Restitution, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Abstract: Delirium occurs in 23% of sepsis patients, in which pro-inflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide are suggested to be involved. However, in animal experiments, even a subseptic dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection induces both pro-inflammatory cytokines and inducible nitric oxide synthase in the brain, suggesting that the brain oxidative reaction can be induced in the subseptic condition. Then, we evaluated the changes of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a sensitive oxidative marker, as well as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and inductible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA in the hypothalamus and hippocampus of rats using real-time PCR after peripheral injection of LPS (2.0 mg/kg). As a result, these four kinds of mRNAs were induced significantly in both areas after LPS injection. These results suggest that peripheral inflammation induces an oxidative reaction in the brain, even if the inflammation is not lethal. It is also considered that several pathways are involved in brain HO-1 induction.
Keywords: heme oxygenase-1, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, lipopolysaccharide, hypothalamus, hippocampus
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