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Heel-rise test in the assessment of individuals with peripheral arterial occlusive disease

Authors Monteiro D, Britto R, Lages A, Basílio M, Pires M, Carvalho M, Procópio R, Pereira D

Received 2 November 2012

Accepted for publication 30 November 2012

Published 23 January 2013 Volume 2013:9 Pages 29—35

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S39860

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Débora Pantuso Monteiro,1 Raquel Rodrigues Britto,2 Ana Clara Ribeiro Lages,3 Marluce Lopes Basílio,3 Monize Cristine de Oliveira Pires,3 Maria Luiza Vieira Carvalho,1 Ricardo Jayme Procópio,4 Danielle Aparecida Gomes Pereira2

1Rehabilitation Sciences of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil; 2Physiotherapy Department of the School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil; 3Private Practice, Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil; 4Hospital das Clínicas of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil

Introduction: The Heel-Rise Test (HRT) is a clinical instrument relevant to vascular rehabilitation that has been proposed to assess the function of the triceps surae muscle. To use HRT in the assessment of individuals with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), its ability to detect differences in the functional performance of patients with PAOD must be verified.
Aim: To verify whether the test is sensitive in differentiating between individuals with PAOD with distinct functional capacities.
Materials and methods: A transversal study in which individuals with PAOD were assessed using the HRT, the Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ), and the Shuttle Walk Test. The following variables were analyzed: number of plantar flexions performed in the HRT (time in seconds) and velocity (plantar flexions per second) when performing plantar flexions up to the point of volunteer fatigue, maximum distance walked in the Shuttle Walk Test, and scores obtained in each WIQ domain.
Results: Twenty-five individuals (14 male) were included in the study, with a mean age of 63.36 ± 9.83 years. The variables number of plantar flexions and time to perform the HRT were sensitive enough to differentiate between distinct functional capacities in individuals with PAOD (P = 0.003 and P = 0.009, respectively). However, this result was not found for the variable of velocity in the HRT. The number of plantar flexions in the HRT was sensitive enough to differentiate individuals of extreme classes on the WIQ domain, stairs (P = 0.008).
Conclusion: The HRT can be applied in clinical practice as a valid assessment of the distinct function capacities of individuals with PAOD.

Keywords: peripheral arterial disease, heel-rise test, walking impairment questionnaire, functional capacity, shuttle walk test

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