Healthcare Professionals’ Willingness and Preparedness to Work During COVID-19 in Selected Hospitals of Southwest Ethiopia
Received 4 November 2020
Accepted for publication 1 January 2021
Published 3 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 391—404
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto
Ameha Zewudie,1 Tolcha Regasa,1 Oliyad Kebede,2 Lemi Abebe,3 Desalegn Feyissa,1 Fikadu Ejata,2 Diriba Feyisa,2 Yitagesu Mamo1
1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia; 2Department of Social Pharmacy and Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia; 3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Tolcha Regasa Tel +25917233151
Background: Many healthcare professionals are dying of COVID-19 while trying to save others. The loss in the healthcare workforce due to sickness and absence will double the risk of a crisis. Identifying barriers of willingness to work during epidemics outbreak and preparedness of healthcare professionals is important to minimize the shortage of human power.
Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among healthcare professionals working in the selected hospitals of Southwest Ethiopia from June 1– 30/2020. The data entry was done by Epi-Data Manager version 18.104.22.168 and exported to SPSS version 23 for analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analysis with a backward stepwise approach was done to identify independent predictors of poor preparedness and willingness of the healthcare professionals to work during COVID-19 and Variables with P-value < 0.05 were considered as a statistically significant determinant.
Results: Of 407 healthcare professionals who participated in the study, 246 (60.4%) were male. The mean age of the respondents was 28.47± 5.60 years. Forty-seven (11.55%) Physicians, 59 (14.50%) pharmacy personnel, 52 (12.78%) Laboratory personnel, 31 (7.62%) Midwives, and 195 (47.91%) Nurses were included in the study. The healthcare professionals who were not prepared for the provision of services during COVID-19 and not willing to work during COVID-19 were 165 (40.5%) and 86 (21.1%) respectively. Having 6 to10 years’ experience (AOR=4.046, CI: 1.05– 15.58), and divorced marital status (AOR=7.855, CI: 1.781– 34.65) were independent predictors of not willing to work during COVID-19. Similarly, lack of personal protective equipment (AOR=28.089, CI: 13.9– 56.67) and shortage of infrastructure at the work place (AOR=28.1, CI: 13.9– 56.67) were independent predictors of poor preparedness.
Conclusion and Recommendations: Healthcare professionals’ willingness and preparedness to work during COVID-19 was low. Use of Telemedicine, provision of personal protective equipment, increasing hospital’s safety with adequate infection control policy, and assigning staff who have experience of more than ten years in the risky wards of the hospitals may decrease staffs absentee and increase in the provision of continuous service.
Keywords: healthcare professionals, preparedness, willingness, COVID-19, Southwest Ethiopia
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