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Health Status and Functional Abilities of Elderly Males Visiting Primary Health-care Centers in Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia

Authors Al-Qahtani AM

Received 2 August 2020

Accepted for publication 5 October 2020

Published 10 November 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 2129—2143

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S274318

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Awad Mohammed Al-Qahtani

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Najran University, Najran, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Awad Mohammed Al-Qahtani
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Najran University, PO Box: 1988, King Abdulaziz Road, Najran 55461, Saudi Arabia
Tel +966-17 7930 6344
Email awadresearch17@gmail.com

Background: There is an aging population all over the world, and Saudi Arabia is no exception to it. An aging population poses several challenges to the health-care sector.
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the health status and functional abilities of elderly people visiting primary health-care centers in Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved elderly male Saudi nationals aged 60 years and above. Self-rated health status and body pain, functional status, geriatric review of systems and other relevant data were collected using the Geriatric Health Questionnaire of University of Iowa Health Care. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 21.
Results: The study results showed that the overall health of the elderly was either good (32.9%) or very good (32.3%), while 14.2% rated their health as excellent. Only two participants rated their health as poor. The majority of the participants (71.9%) had no functional impairment in basic activities of daily living (BADL), while 35.7% had mild impairment in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Only two participants were found to have total impairment in IADL. The most common limitation among BADL was walking (21.1%) and among IADL was doing the housework. The notable factors associated with functional impairment in BADL and IADL were old age (≥ 80 years), poor eyesight, memory impairment, having trouble with control of bladder, falls twice or more, taking more than two medications, being sexually inactive, poor self-rated general health and severe self-rated body pain (all P< 0.05) among others.
Conclusion: The majority of the elderly were able to perform BADL independently and to a lesser extent IADL; the overall self-rated general health was found to be good. Further research in the field of geriatrics is warranted to plan better, and design public health policies and provide efficient care to elderly patients.

Keywords: elderly, activities of daily living, ADL, health status, Saudi Arabia

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