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Health-related quality of life in elderly patients hospitalized with chronic heart failure

Authors Erceg P, Despotovic N, Milosevic DP, Soldatovic I, Zdravkovic S, Tomic S, Markovic I, Mihajlovic G, Brajovic MD, Bojovic O, Potic B, Davidovic M

Received 20 August 2013

Accepted for publication 4 October 2013

Published 15 November 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 1539—1546

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S53305

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Predrag Erceg,1,2 Nebojsa Despotovic,1,2 Dragoslav P Milosevic,1,2 Ivan Soldatovic,3 Sanja Zdravkovic,2 Snezana Tomic,2 Ivana Markovic,2 Gordana Mihajlovic,2 Milan D Brajovic,4,5 Ognjen Bojovic,6 Bojana Potic,2 Mladen Davidovic1

1Department of Gerontology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 2Clinical Department of Geriatrics, Zvezdara University Hospital, 3Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, 4Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Belgrade, 5Clinical Department of Cardiology, Zvezdara University Hospital, Belgrade, Serbia; 6Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

Background: Chronic heart failure is a very common condition in the elderly, characterized not only by high mortality rates, but also by a strong impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Previous studies of HRQOL in elderly heart failure subjects have included mostly outpatients, and little is known about determinants of HRQOL in hospitalized elderly population, especially in Serbia. In this study, we tried to identify factors that influence HRQOL in elderly patients hospitalized with chronic heart failure in Serbia.
Methods: The study population consisted of 136 patients aged 65 years or older hospitalized for chronic heart failure. HRQOL was assessed using the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire. Predictors of HRQOL were identified by multiple linear regression analysis.
Results: Univariate analysis showed that patients with lower income, a longer history of chronic heart failure, and longer length of hospital stay, as well as those receiving aldosterone antagonists and digoxin, taking multiple medications, in a higher NYHA class, and showing signs of depression and cognitive impairment had significantly worse HRQOL. Presence of depressive symptoms (P<0.001), higher NYHA class (P=0.021), lower income (P=0.029), and longer duration of heart failure (P=0.049) were independent predictors of poor HRQOL.
Conclusion: Depressive symptoms, higher NYHA class, lower income, and longer duration of chronic heart failure are independent predictors of poor HRQOL in elderly patients hospitalized with chronic heart failure in Serbia. Further, there is an association between multiple medication usage and poor HRQOL, as well as a negative impact of cognitive impairment on HRQOL. Hence, measures should be implemented to identify such patients, especially those with depressive symptoms, and appropriate interventions undertaken in order to improve their HRQOL.

Keywords: elderly, heart disease, self-perception of health, depression

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