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Health-related quality of life in elderly diabetic outpatients in Vietnam

Authors Nguyen HTT, Moir MPI, Nguyen TX, Vu AP, Luong LH, Nguyen TN, Nguyen LH, Tran BX, Tran TT, Latkin CA, Zhang MWB, Ho RCM, Vu HTT

Received 17 January 2018

Accepted for publication 16 May 2018

Published 27 July 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1347—1354


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Huong Thi Thu Nguyen,1,2 Mackenzie PI Moir,3 Thanh Xuan Nguyen,2,4 Anh Phuong Vu,5 Long Hoang Luong,2,4 Tam Ngoc Nguyen,1,2 Long Hoang Nguyen,6 Bach Xuan Tran,7,8 Tung Thanh Tran,9 Carl A Latkin,8 Melvyn WB Zhang,10 Roger CM Ho,11 Huyen Thanh Thi Vu1,2

1Department of Gerontology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2National Geriatric Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam; 3School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; 4Dinh Tien Hoang Institute of Medicine, Hanoi, Vietnam; 5Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam; 6School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam; 7Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam; 8Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; 9Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam; 10Biomedical Global Institute of Healthcare Research & Technology (BIGHEART), National University of Singapore, Singapore; 11Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important indicator for designing care and treatment services for patients with diabetes. This is especially true given its rapid increase among the elderly population in Vietnam. HRQoL data in elderly diabetic Vietnamese are currently limited. This study aimed to 1) measure the HRQoL of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Vietnam and 2) identify related factors and their relationship with HRQoL.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. We recruited 171 patients aged ≥60 years with T2DM at the Outpatient Department, National Geriatric Hospital from June to November 2015. Patients were asked to evaluate their health status using the EuroQol Five Dimensions Three Levels (EQ-5D-3L) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Sociodemographic, diabetic treatment, and management characteristics were collected. Multivariate Tobit regression was used to determine which factors were associated with HRQoL, and the strength of this relationship.
Results: Patients reported some problems in all areas of the EQ-5D: pain/discomfort (50.9%), mobility (33.3%), anxiety/depression (24.0%), usual activities (21.1%), and self-care (10.5%). The mean EQ-5D index score was 0.80 (SD=0.20), and the mean EQ-VAS was 57.5 (SD=14.4). Patients who were male, lived in an urban area, could afford treatment, were taking fewer medications, and monitored blood pressure often (1–4 times a week) had a higher EQ-5D index when compared to other groups. Meanwhile, a longer duration of diabetes and older age were negatively associated with the EQ-5D index. Patients with any comorbidity had lower VAS scores than their counterparts.
Conclusion: The presence of diabetes and comorbidity were responsible for a significant decrease in HRQoL. Screening and identifying health problems, providing prompt treatment, and facilitating self-management among patients have the potential to increase diabetic patients’ HRQoL.

Keywords: elder, quality of life, diabetes, Vietnam

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