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Health literacy and the Affordable Care Act: a policy analysis for children with special health care needs in the USA

Authors Keim-Malpass J, Letzkus L, Kennedy C

Received 10 January 2015

Accepted for publication 3 February 2015

Published 7 April 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 31—36

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S80699

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Frank Papatheofanis

Jessica Keim-Malpass,1 Lisa C Letzkus,1,2 Christine Kennedy1

1University of Virginia School of Nursing, 2University of Virginia Children’s Hospital, Charlottesville, VA, USA

Abstract: Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) represent populations with chronic health conditions that are often high utilizers of health care. Limited health literacy has emerged as a key indicator of adverse health outcomes, and CSHCN from limited health literacy families are particularly vulnerable. The purpose of this policy analysis is to outline key provisions in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) that incorporate health literacy approaches for implementation and have implications for CSHCN in the USA. Several key provisions are incorporated in the ACA that involve health literacy and have implications for CSHCN. These include: expansion of public insurance coverage and simplifying the enrollment process, provisions assuring equity in health care and communication among all populations, improving access to patient-centered medical homes that can offer care coordination, ensuring enhanced medication safety by changing liquid medication labeling requirements, and provisions to train health care providers on literacy issues. More research is needed to determine how provisions pertaining to health literacy in the ACA are implemented in various states.

Keywords: children, special health care needs, health literacy, Affordable Care Act, health policy
 
 

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