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H19 induced by oxidative stress confers temozolomide resistance in human glioma cells via activating NF-κB signaling

Authors Duan S, Li M, Wang Z, Wang L, Liu Y

Received 6 May 2018

Accepted for publication 6 July 2018

Published 2 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 6395—6404


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Samir Farghaly

Shibo Duan,1,* Ming Li,2,* Zhifeng Wang,1 Longlong Wang,1 Yongjie Liu1

1Department of Neurosurgery, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, Hebei Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Obstetrics, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, Hebei Province, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Recent findings around long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have opened novel areas of research around their prospective use in overcoming chemoresistance. Herein, we aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA H19 in temozolomide (TMZ) resistance of human glioma cells and the possible mechanisms.
Methods: Short-/long-term oxidative stress was induced, and TMZ-resistant glioma cells (U251TMZ and LN229TMZ) were established. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and overexpression plasmids were used to modulate the expression of H19 and/or luciferase the reporters. The MTT assay and immunoblotting of cleaved caspase-3, cyclin D1, XIAP and Bcl-2 were conducted to evaluate TMZ sensitivity. Luciferase reporter and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays were used to verify the activation of NF-κB pathways by H19.
Results: Knockdown of H19 in U251TMZ and LN229TMZ cells decreased half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values for TMZ and increased cell apoptosis, and H19 overexpression in U251 and LN229 cells led to the opposite effects, indicating that the H19 confers TMZ resistance to glioma cells. Furthermore, knockdown of H19 decreased the NF-κB signaling, which was revealed by repressed reporter activity and declined expression of its downstream targets in TMZ-resistant glioma cells. In contrast, H19 overexpression in U251 and LN229 cells resulted in an increase in NF-κB activation. Blockage of NF-κB activation by its inhibitor abolished TMZ resistance caused by H19 overexpression. Addition of H2O2 to induce oxidative stress largely reversed TMZ sensitivity caused by H19 knockdown.
Conclusion: H19 confers TMZ resistance through activating NF-κB signaling and may represent a novel therapeutic target for TMZ-resistant gliomas.

Keywords: H19, oxidative stress, TMZ resistance, NF-κB pathway, glioma

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