Back to Journals » Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews » Volume 4

H-2g, a glucose analog of blood group H antigen, mediates monocyte recruitment in vitro and in vivo via IL-8/CXCL8

Authors Rabquer B, Hou Y, Ruth J, Luo W, Eitzman, Koch A, Amin A

Received 20 July 2012

Accepted for publication 21 August 2012

Published 19 September 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 93—98

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OARRR.S36163

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6


Bradley J Rabquer,1,2 Yong Hou,1 Jeffrey H Ruth,1 Wei Luo,1 Daniel T Eitzman,1 Alisa E Koch,3,1 Mohammad A Amin1

1University of Michigan Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 2Albion College, Biology Department, Albion, MI, USA; 3VA Medical Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Objective: Monocyte (MN) recruitment is an essential inflammatory component of many autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study we investigated the ability of 2-fucosyllactose (H-2g), a glucose analog of blood group H antigen to induce MN migration in vivo and determined if H-2g-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) plays a role in MN ingress in RA.
Methods: Sponge granuloma and intravital microscopy assays were performed to examine H-2g-induced in vivo MN migration and rolling, respectively. MNs were stimulated with H-2g, and the production of IL-8/CXCL8 was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Lastly, in vitro MN migration assays and an in vivo RA synovial tissue severe combined immunodeficiency mouse model were used to determine the role of IL-8/CXCL8 in H-2g-induced MN migration.
Results: In vivo, H-2g induced significantly greater MN migration compared to phosphate buffered saline. Intravital microscopy revealed that H-2g mediates MN migration in vivo by inducing MN rolling. In addition, H-2g induced MN production of IL-8/CXCL8, a process that was dependent on Src kinase. Moreover, we found that H-2g mediated MN migration in vitro, and in vivo migration was inhibited by a neutralizing anti-IL-8/CXCL8 antibody.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that H-2g mediates MN recruitment in vitro and in vivo (in part) via IL-8/CXCL8.

Keywords: inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, chemokine, migration

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]