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Guidelines and Safety Considerations in the Laboratory Diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Prerequisite Study for Health Professionals

Authors Asrani P, Hussain A, Nasreen K, AlAjmi MF, Amir S, Sohal SS, Hassan MI

Received 29 September 2020

Accepted for publication 3 December 2020

Published 3 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 379—389

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S284473

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Purva Asrani,1 Afzal Hussain,2 Khalida Nasreen,3 Mohamed Fahad AlAjmi,2 Samira Amir,4 Sukhwinder Singh Sohal,5 Md Imtaiyaz Hassan3

1Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, ICAR- National Institute for Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi, 110012, India; 2Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 3Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, 110025, India; 4Department of Chemistry, College of Science and General Studies, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 5Respiratory Translational Research Group, Department of Laboratory Medicine, School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia

Correspondence: Md Imtaiyaz Hassan
Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India
Email mihassan@jmi.ac.in

Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging challenging area for the researchers to buckle up against the spread and control of the virus. Since earlier times, the diagnosis has been an important procedure in estimating the fate of epidemics by indicating the extent to which disease has been spread and to the extent, further disease prognosis would occur. The absence of anti-viral therapies and vaccines for COVID-19 at present suggests early diagnosis and isolation of the patients as the only smart approach available as of now. Presently, the increasing death rates, faster rates of transmission, non-availability of vaccines, and treatment have over-pressurized the researchers, health professionals, and government officials to develop effective clinical strategies in diagnosis and to come up with guidelines to be followed during conduction of each diagnostic procedure for maintaining healthcare systems. Since the incubation period of this virus is 2– 14 days, a patient can transmit the infection without showing symptoms. Therefore, early diagnosis and isolation of susceptible individuals are the only way to limit the spread of the virus. Significance of diagnosis and triaging, information on specimen collection, safety considerations while handling, transport, and storage of samples have been highlighted in this paper to make people more aware and develop better clinical strategies in the future.

Keywords: COVID-19, diagnosis guidelines, specimen collection, safety consideration, SARS-COV-2

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