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Greek surgical patients' satisfaction related to perioperative anesthetic services in an academic institute

Authors Kouki, Matsota P, Christodoulaki, Kompoti, Loizou, Karamanis, Pandazi, Kostopanagiotou G

Received 25 May 2012

Accepted for publication 6 July 2012

Published 13 August 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 569—578

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S34244

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Pinelopi Kouki,1 Paraskevi Matsota,2 Kalliopi Christodoulaki,2 Maria Kompoti,3 Marilia Loizou,2 Periandros Karamanis,2 Aggeliki Pandazi,2 Georgia Kostopanagiotou2

1Department of Anesthesiology, General Hospital, Agios Panteleimon, Nikea, Greece; 2Second Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, "Attikon" Hospital, Athens, Greece; 3Intensive Care Unit, Thriassion General Hospital of Eleusis, Athens, Greece

Background: Patient satisfaction is an increasingly appreciated measure of outcome for health care procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Greek surgical patients' satisfaction with perioperative anesthetic services and to determine which factors maximize satisfaction level through all phases of perioperative care.
Methods: Adult Greek patients admitted for elective surgery in an academic hospital were included in the study. Three separate questionnaires were constructed: Q1 (patients who underwent general anesthesia alone or combined with epidural) and Q2 (patients who received regional anesthesia alone) covered perioperative anesthetic care; Q3 covered postoperative analgesia services in the ward (patient-controlled analgesia or epidural analgesia) provided by our anesthesiologist-centered analgesia care team. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation was used separately for each questionnaire, and extracted factors were entered into multiple logistic regression with patient satisfaction as the dependent binary variable. Statistical significance level was set at P < 0.05.
Results: Three hundred and forty-five patients were included. Q1 questionnaire (answered by 282 patients) included four dimensions: communication with the anesthesiologist, sense of cold/shivering, pain, and nausea. Q2 questionnaire (answered by 63 patients) included three dimensions: communication with the anesthesiologist, sense of cold/shivering, and nausea/anxiety. Q3 questionnaire (answered by 237 patients) included five dimensions: anesthesiologist intervention upon symptoms, pain, care by the anesthesiologist/physical activity, nausea/vomiting, and anesthesiologist behavior. The communication dimension score in Q1 and Q2, sense of shivering in Q2, and pain management and anesthesiologist behavior dimension scores in Q3 were significantly associated with patient satisfaction. Overall satisfaction rates were high (according to the questionnaire, the observed percentage was in the range of 96.3%–98.6%).
Conclusion: Greek surgical patients reported high satisfaction with perioperative anesthesia care. Interaction between patient and anesthesiologists during all periods of study, absence of shivering in regional anesthesia, and adequate postoperative pain control in the ward were significant predictors of patient satisfaction in the present Greek surgical population.

Keywords: Greek surgical patients, satisfaction, questionnaire, anesthetic management, postoperative analgesia care team

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