Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 7

Gold and silver nanoparticles from Trianthema decandra: synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial properties

Authors Geethalakshmi R, Sarada

Received 30 July 2012

Accepted for publication 24 August 2012

Published 9 October 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 5375—5384

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S36516

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

R Geethalakshmi, DVL Sarada

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioengineering, Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

Background: There is an increasing commercial demand for nanoparticles due to their wide applicability in various markets, including medicine, catalysis, electronics, chemistry, and energy. In this report, a simple and ecofriendly chemical reaction for the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles from Trianthema decandra (Aizoaceae) has been developed.
Methods and results: On treatment of aqueous solutions containing chloroauric acid or silver nitrate with root extract of T. decandra, stable gold or silver nanoparticles were rapidly formed. The kinetics of reduction of gold and silver ions during the reaction was analyzed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Field emission-scanning electron microscopy showed formation of gold nanoparticles in various shapes, including spherical, cubical, triangular, and hexagonal, while silver nanoparticles were spherical. The size of the gold nanoparticles was 33–65 nm and that of the silver nanoparticles was 36–74 nm. Energy dispersive x-ray and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the presence of metallic gold and metallic silver in the respective nanoparticles. The antimicrobial properties of the synthesized nanoparticles were analyzed using the Kirby-Bauer method. The results show varied susceptibility of microorganisms to the gold and silver nanoparticles.
Conclusion: It is believed that phytochemicals present in T. decandra extract reduce the silver and gold ions into metallic nanoparticles. This strategy reduces the cost of production and the environmental impact. The silver and gold nanoparticles formed showed strong activity against all microorganisms tested.

Keywords: Trianthema decandra, gold, silver, nanoparticles, antimicrobial activity

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]