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Global regulatory landscape of biosimilars: emerging and established market perspectives

Authors Krishnan A, Mody R, Malhotra H

Received 19 June 2014

Accepted for publication 30 July 2014

Published 17 February 2015 Volume 2015:5 Pages 19—32


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ajay Singh

Anita Krishnan,1 Rustom Mody,1 Hemant Malhotra2

1Lupin Limited, Biotech Division, Maharashtra, India; 2Division of Medical Oncology, RK Birla Cancer Center, SMS Medical College Hospital, Jaipur, India

Abstract: Biological product development for launch in multiple geographies with varied regulatory expectations would require a planned and focused strategy, involving the selection of the appropriate reference product, defining the extent of process and product characterization and design of nonclinical and clinical studies. The development for established markets like the European Union and the United States, which have precedence in regulatory pathways, may face very different challenges compared to emerging markets, many of which are still in the nascent stages of regulatory guidelines. A clear and concise understanding of the regulatory framework of each region and awareness of the limitations of health care policies, with an added knowledge of the local factors that influence the biosimilar market, would be desirable for a good business strategy. Herein it is attempted to outline the stages of regional guideline implementation in the various global locations and compare the variability in regulatory requirement between them. The factors that could potentially impact biosimilars business in these regions are also outlined. Finally, the prevailing competition between manufacturers of innovative and biosimilar drugs, which could influence the availability of lifesaving off-patent drugs for critical diseases and the advent of more effective, alternate, or next-generation molecules, is also briefly described.

Keywords: guidelines, India, comparability, EMA, US FDA, WHO

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