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Giant retinal tears: clinical features and outcomes of vitreoretinal surgery at a university teaching hospital (2011–2017)

Authors Rodriguez M, Lin J, Townsend JH, Smiddy WE, Albini TA, Berrocal AM, Sridhar J, Flynn Jr HW

Received 16 July 2018

Accepted for publication 24 August 2018

Published 12 October 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2053—2058

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S180353

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Marianeli Rodriguez, James Lin, Justin H Townsend, William E Smiddy, Thomas A Albini, Audina M Berrocal, Jayanth Sridhar, Harry W Flynn Jr

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report clinical features and outcomes in patients with giant retinal tears (GRTs) undergoing vitreoretinal surgery and to compare data from this contemporary series to a previous study from the same institution.
Materials and methods: A retrospective, interventional, consecutive case series was conducted for all patients diagnosed with GRTs who underwent vitreoretinal surgery between January 2011 and August 2017. Intraoperative data including the use of scleral buckling, perfluorocarbon liquid, and intraocular tamponade were collected and compared according to GRT size. These parameters, along with postoperative anatomic success and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), were compared with the previous series.
Results: The study included 80 eyes of 79 patients with a presentation of retinal detachment with a GRT. Management approach for repair of GRT-associated retinal detachments included scleral buckle (SB) alone (three eyes, 4%), pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) (16 eyes, 20%), and combined SB/PPV (61 eyes, 76%). Perfluorocarbon liquids were used in 60/77 eyes (78%) undergoing PPV, and silicone oil was used in 54/77 eyes (70%). Single surgery success rate was in 69/80 eyes (86%). Eyes managed with SB (including SB alone and SB/PPV) or PPV without SB had similar rates of recurrent retinal detachment (16% vs 6%; P=0.33). Anatomic success was achieved in 76/80 eyes (95%) with one or more surgical procedures, and 54/80 eyes (68%) achieved postoperative BCVA of ≥20/400.
Conclusions: In the current series, repairs of retinal detachment due to GRTs were most commonly managed with combined PPV/SB and perfluorocarbon liquid, resulting in reasonably generally favorable anatomic and visual outcomes.

Keywords:
giant retinal tears, perfluorocarbon liquid, retinal detachment, vitrectomy

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