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Giant cell arteritis: a review

Authors Patil P, Karia N, Jain S, Dasgupta B

Received 24 September 2012

Accepted for publication 6 November 2012

Published 10 March 2013 Volume 2013:5(1) Pages 23—33


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Pravin Patil,1 Niral Karia,2 Shaifali Jain,3 Bhaskar Dasgupta1

1Department of Rheumatology, 2Department of Ophthalmology, 3Department of Radiology, Southend University Hospital, Westcliff, Essex, United Kingdom

Abstract: Giant cell arteritis is the most common vasculitis in Caucasians. Acute visual loss in one or both eyes is by far the most feared and irreversible complication of giant cell arteritis. This article reviews recent guidelines on early recognition of systemic, cranial, and ophthalmic manifestations, and current management and diagnostic strategies and advances in imaging. We share our experience of the fast track pathway and imaging in associated disorders, such as large-vessel vasculitis.

Keywords: giant cell arteritis, diagnosis, treatment, polymyalgia rheumatica

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