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Genotypic resistance profiles in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection and the efficacy of nucleoside analog rescue therapy

Authors Liang L, Chen L, Chen E, Liao J, Tang H

Received 25 November 2014

Accepted for publication 16 December 2014

Published 12 March 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 417—423

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S78128

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang

Ling-Bo Liang, Lan-Lan Chen, En-Qiang Chen, Juan Liao, Hong Tang

Center of Infectious Disease, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China


Background and aims: The aims of this study were to explore the correlation between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) drug-resistant mutation profiles and the efficacy of nucleoside analog rescue therapy in patients with initial antiviral treatment failure.
Patients and methods: Patients with initial antiviral therapy failure were recruited between January 2011 and January 2013 from the Division of Infectious Disease, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China. Following drug-resistant mutation testing, eligible patients received nucleoside analog rescue therapy for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was rescue therapy efficacy, and the secondary endpoint was adverse events.
Results: We recruited 168 patients with chronic HBV infection who had initial antiviral treatment failure. Eighty-nine patients (52.98%) experienced virological breakthrough (group A); 79 patients (47.02%) had partial/null response (group B). Among the patients, 102 (102/168, 60.7%) carried at least one HBV drug resistance mutation. The prevalence of genotypic resistance was significantly higher in group A than in group B (P<0.001). In addition, 118 patients (118/168, 70.2%) achieved undetectable serum HBV DNA with the nucleoside analog rescue therapy. Rescue therapy (P=0.002) and no evidence of genotypic resistance (P=0.001) were related to a higher rate of virological response.
Conclusion: These data indicate that patients with chronic HBV infection who have initial antiviral therapy failure with or without signs of genotypic resistance may still stand a chance of gaining therapeutic benefit with nucleoside analog rescue therapy.

Keywords: drug-resistance mutation, virological response, nucleoside and nucleotide analogs

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